Biography of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore – Biographical

Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was the youngest son of Debendranath Tagore, a pioneer of the Brahmo Samaj, which was a new religious sect at nineteenth-century Bengal and attempted a revival of the most fabulous monastic foundation of Hinduism as laid down at the Upanishads. He has been educated at home; and he didn’t finish his studies, although for an education he was sent at seventeen. As well as his activities, in his mature years, he managed a job that brought him into touch and raised his interest in reforms, the family home.

Where his ideas of schooling attempted, also, he began an experimental school. He engaged in his and rebellious manner, even though in the nationalist movement; and the father of modern India, Gandhi, was his friend. The ruling authorities knighted Tagore in 1915, but he resigned that the honor for a protest against British policies.

Together with his some of the writings he became quickly understood from the West. In reality, his celebrity attained an elevation that was luminous, taking him tours and lecture tours of friendship. He became the voice of India’s spiritual heritage; and also for India he became a living establishment that was fantastic.

Although Tagore wrote successfully in all literary genres, he was, first of all, a poet. Among his fifty and odd volumes of poetry are Manasi (1890) [The Ideal One], Sonar Tari (1894) [The Golden Boat], Gitanjali (1910) [Song Offerings], Gitimalya (1914) [Wreath of Songs], and Balaka (1916) [The Flight of Cranes].

The English renderings of his poetry, which include The Gardener (1913), Fruit-Gathering (1916), and The Fugitive (1921), do not generally correspond to particular volumes in the original Bengali; and in spite of its title, Gitanjali: Song Offerings (1912), the most acclaimed of them, contains poems from other works besides its namesake. Tagore’s major plays are Raja (1910) [The King of the Dark Chamber], Dakghar (1912) [The Post Office], Achalayatan (1912) [The Immovable], Muktadhara (1922) [The Waterfall], and Raktakaravi (1926) [Red Oleanders].

He is the author of several volumes of short stories and some novels, among them Gora (1910), Ghare-Baire (1916) [The Home and the World], and Yogayog (1929) [Crosscurrents]. Besides these, he wrote musical dramas, dance dramas, essays of all types, travel diaries, and two autobiographies, one in his middle years and the other shortly before his death in 1941. Tagore also left numerous drawings and paintings, and songs for which he wrote the music himself.

Rabindranath Tagore Facts

Rabindranath Tagore

Born: 7 May 1861, Calcutta, India

Died: 7 August 1941, Calcutta, India

Residence at the time of the award: India

Prize motivation: “because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West”

Field: poetry

Language: Bengali and English

Prize share: 1/1


रबींद्रनाथ टैगोर (1861-19 41) दवेन्द्रनाथ टैगोर का सबसे छोटा बेटा, वे ब्राह्मो समाज के एक नेता थे, जो उन्नीसवीं सदी के बंगाल में एक नया धार्मिक पंथ था और जिसने हिंदू धर्म के अंतिम मठवादी आधार का पुनरुत्थान किया उपनिषदों। वह घर पर पढ़ाया जाता था; और यद्यपि सत्रह साल में उन्हें औपचारिक शिक्षा के लिए इंग्लैंड भेजा गया, वहां उन्होंने अपनी पढ़ाई पूरी नहीं की। अपने परिपक्व वर्षों में, अपनी कई-सापेक्ष साहित्यिक गतिविधियों के अतिरिक्त, उन्होंने पारिवारिक सम्पदाएं प्रबंधित कीं, एक परियोजना जो उसे सामान्य मानवता के साथ निकट संपर्क में लाया और सामाजिक सुधारों में उनकी रुचि में वृद्धि हुई। उन्होंने शांतिनिकेतन में एक प्रयोगात्मक स्कूल भी शुरू किया जहां उन्होंने शिक्षा के उनके उपनिषद के आदर्शों की कोशिश की। समय-समय पर उन्होंने भारतीय राष्ट्रवादी आंदोलन में भाग लिया, हालांकि अपने स्वयं के भावुक और दूरदर्शी तरीके से; और गांधी, आधुनिक भारत के राजनीतिक पिता, उनके समर्पित दोस्त थे। 1 9 15 में टैगोर को सत्तारूढ़ ब्रिटिश सरकार ने नाइट्रीड किया था, लेकिन कुछ वर्षों के भीतर उन्होंने भारत में ब्रिटिश नीतियों के खिलाफ विरोध के रूप में इस सम्मान से इस्तीफा दे दिया।

अपने कुछ लेखों के साथ वे पश्चिम से जल्दी से समझ गए। हकीकत में, उनकी सेलिब्रिटी को एक पदोन्नति मिली जो कि चमकदार थी, उसे यात्रा करने और दोस्ती के पर्यटन व्याख्यान लेना था। वह भारत की आध्यात्मिक विरासत की आवाज बन गए; और भारत के लिए भी वह एक जीवित प्रतिष्ठा बन गया जो शानदार था।